Facility Use: K-12 Elementary Project Type: New Construction Category: Whole Building/Campus Design Location: Paradise, PA District/Inst.: Pequea Valley School District Dr. Patrick Hallock Superindendent Completion Date: December 2008 Design Capacity: 600 students Enrollment: 400 students Gross Area: 92,140 sq.ft. Space per pupil: 154 sq.ft. Site size: 17 acres Cost per sq.ft.: $191.00 Total project cost: $21,089,500 Building construction cost: $17,667,900
The Pequea Valley Board of Education commissioned a District Wide Feasibility Study of school facilities in 2005. As a result of this study it was recommended to either perform alterations and additions to two existing elementary schools or combine them into a new K-5 Elementary School. The District choose to consolidate and build one new school and create a comprehensive high performance building that was better able to prepare for future energy needs. This new building will allow for the efficient operation of multi-use and shared areas within the building; utilize one energy efficient HVAC system; and allow for more efficient bus transportation of the elementary students. The New Paradise Elementary School, built on the 17 acre site of the existing Paradise Elementary School, is designed to obtain LEED Gold Certification and is a focus of a Green Building Education Plan for the community. By achieving the LEED certification, the District sought to build a building that conserved land resources, optimized energy performance, reduced energy consumption and costs, reduced water consumption, lessened storm water impact, and supported the regional economy by utilizing regional materials and resources.
The site design conserves land resources by utilizing an existing District property, following the slope of the existing topography, and preserving open space on site by building multiple floor levels. Shared core facilities are arranged to minimize circulation space and the classroom wing is oriented for optimal solar orientation.
To conserve and reduce energy consumption and costs, the District chose to install a ground source heat pump system with heat recovery for ventilation air systems and pursued other energy savings measures that allowed the school to achieve all 10 LEED Credits for Optimized Energy Performance.
Further energy saving features include: increased insulation in walls and roof; dimming ballast in all luminaries with daylight controls and occupancy sensors; monitoring software to continuously document energy loads; building orientation for optimal natural lighting; and high efficiency windows.
Water efficiency was another important consideration in the design of the new school. Utilizing rainwater harvesting, low consumption fixtures, waterless urinals, and recycled wastewater for irrigation, all 5 LEED points for water efficiency have been achieved. These include the credit for Innovative Wastewater Technologies, and an additional Innovation in Design credit for exceeding the established credits for Water Use Reduction. Measures have been taken to implement a storm water management plan that results in a 25% decrease in the rate and quantity of storm water runoff.
Additionally, over 30% of the materials used in construction were recycled, reducing the impacts resulting from extraction and processing of virgin materials. More than 40% of the materials were extracted, processed and manufactured regionally, which supports the use of indigenous resources and reduces the environmental impacts resulting from transportation. Low-emitting flooring, paints, composite wood, adhesives, and sealants are used throughout the building to improve air quality. The school will also be supporting alternative transportation by sizing the parking to meet the minimum zoning requirements, providing bicycle storage and showering facilities, and providing preferred parking for low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicles.
1) Control of Institution: Public 2) Type of Institution: Traditional
Methodology & Standards:
Alternative Sources: Local/State/Federal Revewable Energy Grants; Secondary: Grants and Donations
Project Delivery Method(s):
Principles Followed: LEED Certifications Obtained: Other (Seeking LEED Gold) Site Selection and Development: Site Selection (Seeking LEED Gold); Stormwater Management (Seeking LEED Gold); Building Orientation (Seeking LEED Gold) Water Conservation: Water Conservation (Seeking LEED Gold) Energy Efficiency and Conservation: Energy Efficiency (Seeking LEED Gold); Building Automation/Energy Management Systems (Seeking LEED Gold); Natural Ventilation (Seeking LEED Gold); Alternative Energy Source (Seeking LEED Gold) Materials Use: Recycling/Reuse (Seeking LEED Gold); Sustainable Materials Selection (Seeking LEED Gold) Indoor Environmental Quality: Use of Daylighting (Seeking LEED Gold); Electric Lighting Systems/Controls (Seeking LEED Gold); Acoustics (Seeking LEED Gold); Indoor Air Quality (Seeking LEED Gold) Teaching Tool: Building as a Teaching Tool (Seeking LEED Gold) Alternative Energy Sources: Geo-thermal (Seeking LEED Gold) Commissioning: Building/systems have been commissioned (Seeking LEED Gold)